- The Republic of India has several official national emblems including a history booth, a flag, a symbol, a song, a monument, and several national heroes.
- All signals were taken at different times. The design of the national flag was approved by the Constituent Assembly shortly before independence, on 22 July 1947.
There are several other symbols including the national animal, the bird, the flower, the fruit and the tree, and the game.
- The National Flag is the horizontal tricolor of the Indian saffron (Caesar) at the top, white in the middle, and India at the bottom with equal proportions. The average width of the flag is two to three times its length. In the center of the white belt are blue wheels representing the chakra.
- The high saffron color symbolizes the strength and courage of the world. The middle white band symbolizes peace and truth with the Dharma Chakra. The green symbolizes the fertility, growth, and beauty of the earth.
- Its design is that of a wheel from the abacus of Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its width is closer to the width of the white band and has 24 speakers. The National Flag project was approved by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.
- National Anthem
The Indian national anthem Jana-Gana-mana, composed for the first time in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian National Anthem on 24 January 1950. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress.
The full song consists of five sections. The first section contains the full version of the National Anthem.
The playback time for the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds. The short version that contains the first and last lines of the stanza (playtime of about 20 seconds) is also played periodically.
- National Song
The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration for the people in their struggle for freedom. It has the same shape as Jana-Gana-mana. On January 24, 1950, the President, Drs. Rajendra Prasad came up with a statement from the Unity Council, “the song Vande Mataram, which played a key role in the Indian liberation struggle, will be honored on an equal footing with Jana Gana Mana and we will be equal to her.”
The first political event in which it was sung was an 1896 Indian National Congress session. The song was part of Bankimchandra’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882).
- National Flower
Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn) is the Indian National History. The sacred flower also has a unique place in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been a beautiful symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.
India is rich in flowers. Currently, the data available puts India in tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in terms of plant diversity. Of the 70% of sites surveyed to date, 47,000 plant species have been identified by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
|S. No||Category||Symbol||Related Persons / Details|
|1||National Flag of India||The horizontal rectangular tricolor of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its center||Our National Flag was designed by Mr. Pingali Venkayya of Andhra Pradesh. It was adopted during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947.|
|2||State Emblem of India||An adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka||It is preserved in the Varanasi Sarnath Museum in India. the emblem was officially adopted on 26 January 1950.|
|3||National Anthem of India||“Jana Gana Mana”||It was composed in Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore. was adopted in its Hindi version on 24 January 1950. It was first publicly sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta (now, Kolkata).|
|4||National Song of India||“Vande Mataram”||It is a Bengali poem written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s, which he included in his 1881 novel Anandamath. The poem was composed into a song by Rabindranath Tagore. The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by Congress Working Committee prior to the end of colonial rule in August 1947. After Independence, it was adopted on Jan 24th, 1950.|
|5||National Pledge||It was originally written by the Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao ( an author and a bureaucrat) in the Telugu language in 1962. First, it was read in the Visakhapatnam in 1963 in a school. Later it was translated to various regional languages accordingly. The practice of reciting it in the schools was introduced in 1965 on the 26th of January|
|6||National Currency||Indian Rupee||The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (Ra) and the Latin letter “R” was adopted in 2010. Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam born 10 October 1978 in Kallakurichi, Tamil Nadu is the designer of the Indian rupee sign. He is an assistant professor at IIT Guwahati.|
|7||National Calendar of India||Calendar based on Saka Era||Usage started officially at 1 Chaitra 1879, Saka Era, or 22 March 1957. Meghnad Saha was the head of the Calendar Reform Committee. The “Day of Silence”, is a celebration of the Saka new year in Bali.|
|8||National Animal of India||Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris Tigris)||Adopted in April 1973. The largest carnivore is found only in the Indian subcontinent|
|9||National River of India||River Ganga||It was declared on November 4, 2008. The Ganga is the longest river in India flowing over 2,510 km. It originates in the snowfields of the Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas as the Bhagirathi River.|
|10||National Heritage Animal of India||Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus Indicus)||Declared on October 22, 2010, by the Environment Ministry of India.|
|11||National Aquatic Animal of India||Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista Gangetica)||Declared on 5th October. Guwahati is the first Indian city to have an animal Mascot as Gangetic river dolphin, It is the first city in India to have a city animal. River dolphin is locally known as Sihu|
|12||National Bird of India||Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus)||Declared on February 1, 1963. Indian Peacock or Blue Peacock (Pavo cristatus).|
|13||National Tree of India||Indian banyan (Ficus bengalensis)||Adopted in 1950.|
|14||National Flower of India||Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)||It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.|
|15||National Fruit of India||Mango (Mangifera indica)||The great Moghul emperor Akabar had planted about 100,000 mango trees in Lakhi Bagh in Darbhanga.|
|16||National Microbe||Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus||It has been announced on October 18, 2012, during the International Conference on ‘Biodiversity Conservation and Education for Sustainable Development’ held at Hyderabad during CoP-11. The microbe was selected by children who had visited the Science Express Biodiversity Special Train.|
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