The Largest Deserts in the World


The Largest Deserts in the World 

The desert is a barren area where there is little rainfall and as a result, living conditions are hostile to the health of plants and animals. Lack of vegetation exposes the unsafe habitat of the earth to dumping processes.

Desert can also be described as areas where more water is lost through evaporation than rainfall. This applies to regions under the “desert”, where rising temperatures (meaning climate change) cause drying of river beds, changes in rain patterns, and loss of vegetation.

Deserts are often one of the hottest and most unsustainable places on Earth, as shown by the Sahara Desert in Africa, the Gobi Desert in northern China and Mongolia, and the Death Valley in California. But it can also be cold, windy where no snow has ever fallen – such as in the Antarctic and Arctic.

So in the end, the heat has nothing to do with it. In fact, it may be more accurate to say that deserts are exposed to low humidity and extremely high temperatures. In all likelihood, deserts make up one-third of the earth’s surface. But most of these are found in high-altitude regions.


In terms of size, the Antarctic Desert is the largest desert in the world, measuring a total of 13.8 million square miles [13.8 million sq km]. Antarctica is the coldest, hottest, and most remote continent on Earth, and it is considered a desert because its annual rainfall can be less than 51 mm inland.

There are no permanent residents, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 researchers live in research stations scattered across the continent – the largest of the McMurdo Station, off the coast of Ross Island. Apart from the limited range of mammals, only certain species of cold-blooded insects, algae, and tundra grass can survive there.

Other deserts:

Interestingly, the second-largest desert in the world is also known for its cold – Arctic Desert. Located above 75 degrees north, the Arctic Desert covers an entire area of ​​about 13.7 million square miles (5.29 million square mi). Here, the total rainfall is less than 250mm (10 inches), which is mostly snowy.

The third-largest desert in the world is the typical Sahara, with a total size of 9.4 million square miles [9.4 million sq km]. Annual rainfall ranges from very low (in the northern and southern edges of the desert) to almost none in the central and eastern parts. Overall, most of Sarah get less than 20 mm (0.79 in). In short, deserts are not just sand dunes and places where you can meet Bedouins and Berbers, or a place to cross to reach Napa Valley. They are common on all continents of the world and can take the form of sandy deserts or icy deserts. Finally, the defining factor is their lack of moisture.

The Largest Deserts in the World :


Rank Name Place and Country Type Area (Km 2 )
1 Antarctica Antarctica Cold Winter 14000000
2 Arctic Artic Cold Winter 13985000
3 Sahara North Africa Subtropical 9000000
4 Arabian Desert Western Asia Subtropical 2330000
5 Gobi Desert Central Asia (China and Magnolia) Cold Winter 1000000
6 Kalahari Desert Southern Africa Subtropical 900000
7 Great Victoria Desert Australia Subtropical 647000
8 Patagonian Desert South America (Argentina and Chile) Cold Winter 620000
9 Syrian Desert Western Asia (Iraq, Jordan, and Syria) Subtropical 520000
10 Great Basin Desert United States Cold Winter 492000
11 Chihuahuan Desert North America (Mexico and USA) Subtropical 450000
12 Great Sandy Desert Australia Subtropical 400000
13 Karakum Desert Turkmenistan Cold Winter 350000
14 Colorado Plateau United States Cold Winter 337000
15 Sonoran Desert North America (Mexico and USA ) Subtropical 310000
16 Kyzylkum Desert Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) Cold Winter 300000
17 Taklamakan Desert China Cold Winter 270000
18 Thar Desert South Asia (India and Pakistan) Subtropical 200000
19 Gibson Desert Australia Subtropical 156000
20 Dasht-E Margo Afghanistan Subtropical 150000
21 Registan Desert Afghanistan Subtropical 146000
22 Simpson Desert Australia Subtropical 145000
23 Atacama Desert South America (Chile and Peru) Cool Coastal 140000
24 Mojave Desert United States Subtropical 124000
25 Namib Desert Southern Africa (Angola and Namibia) Cool Coastal 81000
26 Dasht –E Kavir Iran Subtropical 77000
27 Dasht – E Loot Iran Subtropical 52000
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